What’s the difference between an ontology and a taxonomy?

What’s the difference between an ontology and a taxonomy?

Originally answered Jan 13, 2018

Ontology example:

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Taxonomy example:

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According to Bob Bater, ?an ontology identifies and distinguishes concepts and their relationships; it describes content and relationships. A taxonomy formalizes the hierarchical relationships among concepts and specifies the term to be used to refer to each; it prescribes structure and terminology.?

According to Patrick Lambe in Defining ?Taxonomy?:

  1. A taxonomy is a form of classification scheme
  2. Taxonomies are semantic
  3. A taxonomy is a kind of knowledge map

See also:

  • What is the Difference between Taxonomy and Ontology? It is a Matter of Complexity by Chantal Schweizer
  • Classification Process and Taxonomy
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