Women in the Jazz Age did not leave the house without a hat or some type of head covering. Fortunately for them, there was no reason to do so with the wide range of hats and head bands that were available to them. Although the snug fitting cloche hat was the most common, it certainly wasn?t the only women?s 1920s hat style.
1920s Garden Hats Styles
Straw Garden Hat with Bow1920s Purple Straw Hat
1920s hat styles of the early years were still somewhat influenced by the enormous hats of the previous decades. The large hats from the turn of the century were often accessorized with an abundance of bird feathers, but the Audubon Society managed to get that trend banned and once that happened big hats started to fall out of favor.
1922 Winter Wool Shaped Roll Brim Hat
As the 1920s began, wide brimmed garden sun hats with round crowns were the thing to wear outside. You would still see some hats that we might consider big today. Broad straw garden hats trimmed with a wide sash of silk and perhaps a large artificial flower on the crown looked fabulous on a sunny day. Keep in mind that these hats were worn for an afternoon on the town, not for an afternoon pulling weeds. At home, women didn?t need to wear hats inside the house.
Early ?20s garden hats
1920s Musketeer Hat
1922 Bi-corn Hat,Applique Decorations Bi-corn Velvet hat
In 1921, the release of ?The Three Musketeers? sparked a brief trend for ladies wearing the three-corner musketeer hat, also called Cavalier hats. In the summer, they were made of straw and in the winter they were crafted from rich velvet. The bi-corn hat was perhaps even more popular with the front brim folded up creating points on either side. Bi-corns often had a bow to one side or dangling ribbon, feather, tassel or jewel.
1920s Tam O?Shanter Hat
1922 Tam O?Shanter Wool Hat with Embroidered Design
A Tam o?shanter is a Scottish bonnet which was named after a character invented by Robert Burns.
The Tam O?Shanter hat was another floppy hat along the lines of the beret and turban. It has Scottish roots as a hat worn by both sexes, but as a fashion item it was just for the females. the Tam was especially popular with teens and young women. It was made popular by the film star, Clara Bow, in the mid ?20s. Easily knit or sewn from wool or felt, it was a cheap hat to own. Teens could make enough Tams to go with every outfit and every season. They were certainly a young flapper?s favorite hat.
1922 Tam O?Shanter Hat Made of Braided Straw
1920s Sporty Beret
Military Style French Beret Commonly Worn with Sailor Tops
The Beret had been popular for a number of years already. It was another hat loved by young girls and trendy teens. Floppy felt or fabric was held low on the head with either a traditional thin leather band or wide knit band in winter.
Soft Felt Beret with Wide Band
It had a sporty look, which made it ideal to wear with sailor tops, knit sweater, plaid skirts, and horse back riding uniforms among other sports.
1927 Red Beret Hat
1920s Toque Hats
Elaine Hammerstein in a Toque Hat
Toque hats, often fashioned out of stiff panels, were worn on top of the head rather than down around the forehead like most other ?20s hats. They were the hat choice of mature ladies and those who preferred not to look like a flapper. The flapper also adopted the Toque, moving it down their foreheads and embellishing it with beads, sequins, metallic embroidery, and precious stones. In heavy winter, Toques were wrapped and lined in fur.
Silk Turban Hat with TasselBronze Turban Crown hat
Turbans were a good alternative to cloche and toque hats. They were pretty much what you would think a turban would be. Turbans were basically pieces of cloth wrapped horizontally around the head. However, done properly and accessorized with just the right feathers or jewels, the turban could be a very glamorous look. It was one of the only hat styles worn with formal evening attire.
1920s Cloche Hats
?Bobbed hats for women with bobbed hair?
1927 Cloche Hat1928 Velvet Cloche Hat
Bell-shaped hat for women that was invented in 1908 by milliner Caroline Reboux.
Of course, the iconic hat of the Jazz Age was the cloche, which is French for ?bell.? Understand that not everyone can pull off this look. You needed to have a small head and a short ?bobbed? haircut. These close-fitting hats were worn low over the eyebrows making visibility difficult. Women walked with their chins up and eyes cast down creating an air of conceitedness or feminine independence.
Clara Bow Frames her Face Perfectly in a Cloche Hat and Bobbed Hair
To keep the tight appearance of the cloche, decorations were usually kept to a minimum with ribbon trim and embroidery daintily applied to the right side. Fans of bows, small clusters of feathers, a single large feather, or jeweled hat pin were common decorations. In many later cloche styles, the side brims came down over one or both ears, which allowed more room for larger decorations. They often featured intricate embroidery, art deco geometric shapes, djewels, or ribbon. Those ribbons sometimes carried coded messages for those in the know. Ribbons tied like an arrow signified that the woman had given her love to another, a firm knot meant that the woman was married, and a bow meant that a woman had some openings on her dance card!
1927 Felt Asymmetrical Cloche
Cloche hats were worn throughout the year, so they could be made from straw or cloth, depending on the season. Straw hats came in various light weight waves or braids in the summer months. If a straw hat lasted through one season, it was trendy to paint them in next seasons colors. Agatha Christie described in her autobiography how she painted hats and added new trims to refresh the look each year. Even fabric hats could easily be redecorated with new trim and a reshaping of the brim.
Lovely Ladies in Cloche Hats
Hats for All Heads
A Full Face Needs a Benefits from a Snug Cloche Hat
?A face that is very round and full at the lower half must wear a hat that gives prominence to the upper part; but a woman with a large forehead and thin face should wear narrow hats that come rather over the forehead. A round face looks well in a wide brim; if short, a high crown is best; but a tall girl should select a low crown. A girl with fluffy hair can wear a hat that turns away from the head, but hair dressed close to the head should have the hat fitting well over it at the sides. The hat must always look as if it was a part of the wearer, not as if it had dropped on that head by mistake. A little study will soon teach any woman what is best suited to herself; and the opinion of others is not to be despised.? ?
The Jazz Age was a time for breaking rules but one rule stood: don?t leave the house without a hat. With all of the fabulous choices, that was one rule that was easy to follow.
Here are some more hats from my catalog collection
1922 Fall Hats1921 Straw Hats1922 Teens Hats1922 Hats Styles1928 Cloche Hats1928 Spring Hats
Protection, status, and vanity have always been the prime reasons for wearing hats. A hat is much more than a piece of clothing; it is a cerebral fashion accessory that can mark personality, social etiquette, and lifestyle. The twenty-first century is a relatively hatless age, with the exception of the baseball cap and modern hoods. This might be just a passing fad, but it is socially as significant as trends of the previous era, when men wore proper hats all the time.